Category: 3D Printing
Jul 17, 2020

I receive frequent emails about my platinum cure silicone posts (part 1, part 2). People all around the world want clarification of my process, so I’m happy to provide it.

I’ve been casting platinum cure silicone in SLA printed masters for over a year now for my keycap business, Cherry Festival, and have successfully done it hundreds of times with perfect accuracy in the finished mold. I’ve settled on a very strict but easy process to ensure it works every time.

Here’s what you do:

  1. Wash all excess resin from your part

    It’s important to have a completely dry, clean part for this process. I wash my parts under a heavy stream of water, then place them into an ultrasonic bath of isopropyl alcohol, but you can use any method. Just make sure all uncured resin is cleaned off.
  2. Heat your part at 300F/150C for 2-3 minutes

    This is half the secret. You’re looking for wisps of smoke. I use a toaster oven for this, but any heated chamber where smoke can escape will work. The moment I see wisps of smoke coming out of the door, I open it. As cold air rushes in, the part will smoke heavily. This is good! If you let it heat for too long, the part will develop cosmetic fractures. The perfect heating is right before these fractures would appear. Also, don’t breathe the smoke.
  3. UV cure your part normally

    Don’t go overboard, just do it how you would normally do it. Extended UV curing does not make this process work any better.
  4. Tumble your part in Inhibit X for 5 minutes

    I like to place the parts in a jar of Inhibit X inside a rock tumbler, but this probably works fine just swishing them around every few minutes by hand. You just want the Inhibit X to touch every surface and have enough time to get those surfaces fully reacted.
  5. Let your part dry

    This happens pretty fast. Once the parts are dry, they’re ready for platinum cure silicone.

So long as your silicone is mixed well, the quality of the mold will be the same as any other non-SLA part. No gumminess, no lost detail.

I’d love to see what you make with this process! And please feel free to keep emailing–I’m always happy to answer any questions about this.

Apr 23, 2019
Update: See Part 3 of this series for the final procedure I settled on after a year of practice.

After my last failure to get a proper cure in my SLA printed masters, I reached out to my local distributor and Smooth-On to see if they had any recommendations for improving the quality of the curing.

It turns out photopolymer resin is fundamentally incompatible with platinum silicone curing, and while this can be mitigated to some degree by the finishing process (especially heat treatment), a boundary layer of uncured silicone is still present where the mold comes into contact with the master.

There’s a Product for That

The technical staff at Smooth-On were very helpful in explaining that they normally don’t recommend using platinum cure silicones in SLA prints, but that if I insisted, I should try their products Inhibit X and XTC-3D. I’m afraid I had to insist!

Inhibit X (MSDS) is a very thin, clear liquid with copious flammability and explosiveness warnings that brushes onto the SLA part and reacts somehow with it. It applies very smoothly and retains all detail, leaving even small imperfections like the print striations clearly visible in the finished part. It should not appreciably change the shape of anything, so it’s very good for molding. You apply it liberally in at least two coats, allow time to dry, and then cover with Mann Ease Release if you’d like. Edit: Better yet, if you can fit your part in a jar with it, soaking the part for 5 minutes works absolute wonders.

It’s not the cheapest chemical, but you absolutely get what you pay for. After performing my finishing process from part 1 and applying only Inhibit X to test, my molds cured to a very nearly usable state.

Left to right: No coating, light Inhibit X, multiple Inhibit X dips

To make the molds work even better, I then added XTC-3D (MSDS) to the process, applying it before the Inhibit X. This is a very inexpensive, clear two-part substance that you mix together and then coat onto the part. It is self-leveling and provides a very pleasant visual finish once dry, smoothing out any striations and imperfections. It has the added benefit of providing additional insulation against cure failures, allowing Inhibit X to really do its work. You can also create some pretty awesome stuff by mixing colors and metal powders into the XTC-3D for some very impressive part finishes on your other prints.

XTC-3D adds significant clarity to parts

While I don’t necessarily care about striations on my mold since the areas where the silicone contacts the SLA part are not essential to the shape, the XTC-3D is cheap enough that the added layer of protection is often a straightforward choice. While it does change the shape and tolerances of your master slightly, you can generally apply it in a thin enough coat for it not to be a problem, or you can thin the solution further with Epic Epoxy Thinner (MSDS). I like to blast any fine details with an air gun while the thinned XTC-3D tacks to ensure there’s no buildup in small corners. Edit: With a long enough Inhibit X soak, you really don’t need this. It’s neat to have around, though.

Use a Faster Curing Silicone

Another way to beat silicone’s reluctance to cure in the prints is with a much faster cure. Mold Star 30 (MSDS) takes 6 hours to cure, but if you’re willing to sacrifice pot life, Mold Star 16 FAST (MSDS) only takes 30 minutes and seems to work better in general with SLA prints. I am extremely satisfied with the results.

To cure even faster, you can hold the temperature a little higher during the curing process. Higher temperatures significantly reduce the pot life and cure time of platinum cure silicones, so I like to vacuum degass and pour my silicone at room temperature but then place the masters into the toaster oven under gentle heat to really expedite the process and ensure a great cure.

Light heat only–don’t deform your masters

Go for It

So there you have it: If you want to use platinum cure silicone with an SLA master, just do this:

  1. Isopropyl alcohol bath/scrub
  2. Water rinse
  3. Air Dry (can speed this dry up with an air gun)
  4. Bake (recommend 200F for ~3 minutes)
  5. UV cure (follow resin directions)
  6. Optional Smooth-On XTC-3D coat (optional Epic Epoxy Thinner, watch out for small details and corners)
  7. Cure 4 hours if using XTC-3D
  8. Mann Inhibit X coat/dip
  9. Air dry
  10. Mann Inhibit X coat/dip
  11. Air dry
  12. Mann Inhibit X coat/dip
  13. Air dry
  14. Mann Ease Release 200 coat (brush into all fine details)
  15. Air dry
  16. Mann Ease Release 200 coat (light spray)
  17. Dry
  18. Fill with degassed Smooth-On Mold Star 16 FAST
  19. Keep warm or bake at low temperature (recommend 125F for 30 minutes)

This process turns out a great mold every time with ELEGOO translucent resin on my SparkMaker SLA printer.

I’ll now be moving on to pressure casting finished parts in these, which I’m sure will present plenty of new challenges and solutions.

Apr 14, 2019

Update: See Part 2 of this series for a repeatable procedure to make great molds in SLA masters. SLA (stereolithography) printers are excellent for creating finely detailed parts with beautiful finishes. Their detail and ability to create complex shapes without the extensive support required on FDM printers make them theoretically ideal for creating masters for […]

Continue reading...
Nov 12, 2015

The first time I stayed awake until the sun came up was the night I got my color Macintosh IIsi. I was maybe ten or eleven years old, and I’d just gotten a space exploration game called Escape Velocity. It was fascinating in its openness and the range of ways you could play it. Years […]

Continue reading...
Fork me on GitHub